Casabermeja has been a settlement since ancient times. The rock ensemble of Peñas de Cabrera and the Eneolithic of Monte Calvario confirm, among other remains, the presence of prehistoric people in this region.
Then the Romans occupied the municipality. From that time, the ruins of the Cotonilla, the alfar of the Cerro Alcalde and the ruins of the source of the Parras, are perfectly preserved remains.
The origin of the name Casabermeja probably comes from the Arabic expression Qsar Bemeja, which means “Bermejo Castle”.
The popular tradition, however, attributes the name of the city to a sentence of Isabel la Católica. The queen, who saw the city, would have declared: “Castillo Bermejo”, which also means Bermejo Castle.
Until today, the current residents do not always agree with what the true origin of the name is.
The influence of Muslims in this region can be seen in the remains of an old wall and the Zambra tower, which was built in the 13th century.
However, the current population was founded by the Catholic princes. For example, there are two documents signed by Juana la Loca in 1529 and Carlos I in 1550.
The passage of the A-45 motorway next to Casabermeja led to the expansion of the city, with the construction of a large number of houses.
Despite this development, the city retains its original character, especially in the primitive urban area.
The typical whitewashed houses overlook the narrow streets and in certain facades, the niches still show images of saints and virgins for their worship.
The municipality of Casabermeja extends from the Montes de Málaga to the south of the Torcal and Las Cabras mountain ranges. It is the main gateway to the Antequera region from Malaga and an ideal place for hiking and outdoor activities.
This city has three enclaves that have been declared of cultural importance. His cemetery, which has inspired curious myths throughout history, is one of them. Due to its enormous uniqueness, it is one of the sights in Casabermeja.
What you have to see.
The most striking monument of Casabermeja is the parish church of Nuestra Señora del Socorro.
Founded in the 16th century, although later renovated, it consists of three naves separated by semicircular arches.
His tower of five bodies stands out from the outside. The temple, declared of cultural importance, preserves valuable and ancient pieces of goldsmiths.
But if Casabermeja is known for something, it is in front of the municipal cemetery of San Sebastián.
The originality of its pantheons, burial mounds and pinnacles led to it being declared a National Monument in 1980.
The whitewashed niches consist of three parts: the lower for the deceased, the central for the tombstone and the upper as a decorative front.
Among the archaeological remains in the municipality of Casabermeja, the pictorial ensemble of Peñas de Cabrera stands out.
This prehistoric site, an example of rock art, is listed as a high point of cultural interest.
The Zambra tower is inherited from the Arab past of Casabermeja. Located four kilometers from the city center, it was built in the 13th century to guard the country.
Also worth a visit is the Ceramics Museum Workshop, designed as an exhibition and study room.