The municipality of Alcaucín is part of the Natural Park of the Sierras Tejeda, Almijara and Alhama.
It extends between the Sierra Tejeda in the east and the Corridor of Periana in the west, between the Boquete de Zafarraya in the north and the mountains of the Axarquía in the south.
It is one of the municipalities that make up the Ruta del Aceite and Los Montes.
The city of Alcaucín lies at the foot of La Maroma, the roof of the province of Malaga with an altitude of 2060 m.
The pines that cover the slopes overlook a landscape of hills covered with olive trees, vineyards and small orchards.
Alcaucin is crossed by the Alcaucín river, which is fed by the Alcazar stream, the Cárdenas stream and the Zalía stream.
You can take beautiful walks in the hills around the municipality of Alcaucín.
The most famous hills are the Boquete de Zafarraya (920 m), the Tajo de la Cueva (1,300 m), the Morrón de la Cuña (1220 m), the Loma de las Monjas (850 m) and the Zalía plateau (958 m) ).
At the top of each of these hills you have a wonderful view of the swamp of the Viñuela, the water heart of La Axarquía.
The name is of Arabic origin “Al Cautín” which means “The Arches”.
In the municipal term, human remains were found from more than 30,000 years ago.
During excavations in 1983 in the cave of the Boquete de Zafarraya, a jaw of a Homo Sapiens was found.
Other archaeological remains have been found in the cave of Guaicos and the hill of the Negreta.
The foundations of the fort of Zalía have been found from the Phoenician era.
Alcaucín was a Moorish village during the 16th century. This can be seen today from the layout of the streets, namely narrow and winding.
On Christmas Day in 1884, a major earthquake hit the region. This claimed a lot of human lives. This disaster is still being commemorated on Christmas Day.
What to see in Alcaucín?
Alcaucín has countless sights emphasizing which natural element is very important for the municipality, namely water.
El Alcázar: Located approximately 4.5 km from the city center.
It is an ideal place to enjoy nature. The landscape is of exceptional beauty.
The fountains built on the slopes of the mountains allow the water to flow between the lush flora that is rich in the region.
Baños de las Majadas. These are Arab baths with sulfurous water and their healing properties are excellent to relieve skin rashes.
Fuente de los Cinco Caños: water from the springs of Sierra Tejeda flows continuously from this fountain located in the center.
Ruinas del Castillo de Zalía: On the southern slope of the Mesa de Zalía, you can see the ruins of this fortress.
The foundations are from the Phoenician era when the Arabs built the castle with a double ring of walls.
Later, during the Moorish revolts, it became a prison where the rebels were imprisoned.
Some historians relate it to ancient Odyscia, where some of the naval battles of Ulysses, the king of Itaca, took place during one of his journeys along the Mediterranean coast.
Iglesia del Rosario: Located in the center of the city, on the Plaza de la Constitución, next to the town hall.
It was inaugurated in April of the year 1732. It consists of two parts delimited by three semicircular arches.
It is finished and decorated with rococo plaster.
Ermita de Jesús del Calvario: better known as the Hermitage of Calvary, located in the cemetery of the city of Alcaucín.
Founded at the end of the 18th century, it has a square floor and a roof with a semicircular arch on pilasters.
For caving enthusiasts, Alcaucín is one big playground, with its numerous caves and gorges:
Cueva del Boquete de Zafarraya: Located north of the municipality and at the end of the Sierra de Alhama.
Human remains of the Neanderthal were found here, with an entrance of about 30 m high. Next there is a gallery of 10 meters deep and 2 meters wide.
Cueva del Moro: Located next to the city, in the Sierra Tejeda.
It has a gap of around 15 m and an inner route of around 50 m.
Cueva del Carrión: Located in Sierra Tejeda, very close to the Alcazar.
Cueva de los Guaicos: like Cueva del Carrión, it is located in Sierra Tejeda, quite close to the Alcazar.
Fiesta de San Sebastián: It is celebrated on January 20 and is in honor of San Sebastián, patron of the city of Alcaucín.
Día de San José: held on March 19 in El Pilarejo (hamlet west of Alcaucín).
The statue of San José is carried by the municipality in procession. Afterwards, a FREE beer paella is organized for all attendees.
All this ensures a true folk festival.
Romería de San Isidro Labrador: this pilgrimage takes place in El Alcazar mid-May.
Fiesta del Puente Don Manuel: the last weekend of July the worship of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception is celebrated.
After a mass celebration there is a procession with the image. Afterwards a paella is organized for participants and the night party breaks loose.
Fiesta de la Castaña: this festival takes place on November 1 and consists of a tasting of chestnuts and roasted sweet potatoes, as well as anise and mantecados.