Axarquía is derived from šarqiyyah, a word of Arabic origin. It refers to a place that is located to the east of a city and is completely dependent on that city.
Nature and architecture.
The landscape is very rugged due to the proximity of the Penibética Mountains on the coast.
The vineyards are still important in this region, although the new subtropical crops and the impact of tourism have caused economic and urban changes, especially in the coastal strip.
In the interior we find small towns that have preserved their popular architectural traces of the presence of Muslims. After many attempts, this area was only reclaimed at the end of the fifteenth century.
There is a predominance of hilly places, where villages and small towns have adapted to the topography of the country through stepped streets, winding paths and cleverly devised corner solutions.
The specific arches that cross the streets, the handy passages that connect the upper floors of the houses and the inevitable white walls, give the villages the specific Spanish / Moorish character.
It is absolutely worthwhile to visit one of the cemeteries in the region, such as Sayalonga. Be sure to stop at Cómpeta’s raisin or pastry dryers.
Its own currency.
The Axarquía had its own currency, the Axarco, but don’t think it was in the Middle Ages now. No, they had their own currency since 1988.
The biggest proponent of the coin was Antonio Gámez Burgos. He was a chemist who is passionate about letters and history.
The Axarco was not the only currency in the region. At the end of the fifteenth century there was already a currency, the Zagal. Both coins were exclusively intended for the region.
The intention was to give cohesion and unity to the area, something that all residents of the region have in common and that they use every day.
Today, the currency is of course no longer used, unless in the hands of collectors.
Although, there are still posters in the street where it is indicated that it is still being accepted.
Since 2007 there has even been a proposal on the table to create a “patronage of the Axarco” with the function of re-entering the currency to promote the territory.